Biologists may study anything from the microscopic or submicroscopic view of a cell to ecosystems and the whole living planet. The term “biologist” is used to group scientists specialized mainly in three areas: Botany, which studies plants; Zoology, which studies the animal kingdom; and Microbiology, which studies microbes and unicellular organisms. Some other subcategories of Biology can be classified by the type of organisms and the methods used to study them. The work of Biologists can also be closely linked to the fields of medicine, agriculture, and environmental studies.
Biologists study various aspects of the organisms that inhabit our world. Their research is focused on exploring and explaining how organisms live and interact with each other, classifying living beings into categories and sub-categories for further study. They can also conduct research aimed at understanding the inner workings of living organisms.
The biologist work can be done both in laboratories and outside, according to their specialization, they may spend more time in an environment or another. Microbiologists, for example, spend most of their time in the laboratory, while marine biologists work mostly in the oceans or seas. The biologist can work in public companies (university laboratories, research center laboratories); health or ecology departments and protection of the environments of the regions and municipalities; regional and national natural parks; or in private companies that operate mainly in the chemical, pharmaceutical, food sector and more recently in the cosmetics industry.