Alabastron

An alabastron /ˌæləˈbæstrən, -ˌtrɒn/ or alabastrum /ˌæləˈbæstrəm/ (plural: alabastra or alabastrons; from Greek ἀλάβαστρον) is a type of vessel used in the ancient world for the storage of oil, perfumes, or massage oils. The alabastron has ancient and certainly pre-Greek origins; it takes its name from the material (alabaster) with which it was originally produced …

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Music

Music (from the Greek noun μουσική, mousike; “art of the Muses”) is an art form of conceiving and producing, through the use of special instruments or the voice, an organized succession of sounds that are pleasant to the ear. More technically, music consists of the organization of sounds, noises, and silences over time and space.

Art

Art, in its broadest sense, includes every human activity – performed individually or collectively – which leads to forms of creativity and aesthetic expression, relying on technical devices, innate or acquired skills and behavioral rules deriving from study and experience. Therefore art is a language, that is, the ability to transmit emotions and messages. However, …

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Holography

Holography is a photographic technique that records the light scattered from an object and then presents it in a way that appears three-dimensional. A hologram is a physical structure that diffracts light into an image. The term “hologram” can refer to both the encoded material and the resulting image. A holographic image can be seen by looking into …

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Etching

The etching is an intaglio printmaking process in which lines or areas are incised using acid into a metal plate in order to hold the ink. In etching, the plate can be made of iron, copper, or zinc. Although the first dated etching is by Albrecht Dürer in 1515, the process is believed to have been invented by …

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Woodcut

Woodcut, a type of relief printing, is the oldest printmaking technique, and the only one traditionally used in the Far East, in which knives and other tools are used to carve a design into the surface of a wooden block. It was probably first developed as a means of printing patterns on cloth, and by the 5th …

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Relief printing

The relief printing process is a family of printing methods where a printing block, plate, or matrix that has had ink applied to its surface, but not to any recessed areas, is brought into contact with the paper. The relief is the positive image and represents the printing surface. The areas of the printing plate with ink will leave …

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Screenprinting

Screenprinting (occasionally known as “silkscreen”, or “serigraphy”) is a printmaking process where ink is forced through a mesh screen onto a surface. Making certain areas of the screen impervious to printing ink creates a stencil, which blocks the printing ink from passing through the screen. Ink is simply pushed through the stencil against the surface of the paper, …

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Lithography

Lithography is a planographic printmaking process invented in 1798 by Alois Senefelder and based on the chemical repulsion of oil and water, in which a design is drawn onto a flat stone (or prepared metal plate, usually zinc or aluminum) and affixed by means of a chemical reaction. A porous surface, normally limestone, is used; the image is …

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Printmaking

Printmaking is an artistic process based on the principle of transferring images from a matrix onto another surface, most often paper or fabric, parchment, plastic, or other support, by various techniques of multiplication, under the direct supervision of or by the hand of the artist. Traditional printmaking techniques include woodcut, etching, engraving, and lithography, while modern …

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