War

By war, we mean a social phenomenon that has its distinctive feature in the armed violence carried out between states, governments, societies, or paramilitary groups such as mercenaries, insurgents, and militias. Archaeological evidence indicates that war has been part of human life since the dawn: according to past theories, it was assumed that the first nomadic …

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Agonism

Agonism (from Greek ἀγών agon, “struggle”) is a political theory that emphasizes the potentially positive aspects of certain (but not all) forms of political conflict.

Election

The election is a method of choice of the owner or owners of an office by members of a college, electoral body or other community, who are called to express their preferences through voting for one or more people or for a whole of people (a list), votes which are then transformed into a collective …

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Country

A country is considered in political geography and international politics as a political division within a certain geographical entity. When referring to the sovereign territory, the term is most commonly associated with the concepts of state, nation, or government. It is often referred to as the land of an individual’s birth, residence, or citizenship. Identifies a territory …

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Governance

Governance is how society or groups within it, organize to make decisions; it comprises all of the processes of governing. The concept of governance has been around in both political and academic discourse for a long time, referring in a generic sense to the task of running a government, or any other appropriate entity for …

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Politics

The term politics (from Ancient Greek ​politiká​ “city affairs”, der. from ​polis​, “city”) is used in reference to the activity and methods of government, or even in the political lexicon to the so-called opposition activity. It can refer to states, confederations, and intergovernmental organizations, or to more limited local and territorial entities, such as regions and municipalities: …

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Social class

In social and political studies, a social class is defined as a homogenous group of individuals, who share a similar economic and cultural condition, and who occupy a specific position in society. This position stems from their productive activity, wealth, income, authority, prestige, and power in the hierarchy. social: from Latin “socialis”, derived from XIV century noun …

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