E-commerce (electronic commerce)

E-commerce (electronic commerce) is the activity of buying and selling goods and services, or the transmitting of funds or data, over an online network, primarily the internet. Contemporary electronic commerce can be classified into two categories.

The first category is business based on types of goods sold (involves everything from ordering “digital” content for immediate online consumption to ordering conventional goods and services to “meta” services to facilitate other types of electronic commerce). The second category is based on the nature of the participant.

Business applications

  • Business to Business (B2B)
  • Business to Consumer (B2C)
  • Business to Employee (B2E)
  • Business to Government (B2G), also called Business to Administration (B2A)
  • Business to Machines (B2M)
  • Business to Manager (B2M)
  • Consumer to Business (C2B)
  • Consumer to Consumer (С2C)
  • Citizen to Government (C2G), also called Consumer to Administration (C2A)
  • Government to Business (G2B)
  • Government to Citizen (G2C)
  • Government to Employees (G2E)
  • Government to Government (G2G)
  • Manager to Consumer (M2C)
  • Peer to Peer (P2P)
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