Advection is the transport of a substance (and its properties) by bulk motion. During advection, a fluid transports some conserved quantity or material via bulk motion. The fluid’s motion is described mathematically as a vector field, and the transported material is described by a scalar field showing its distribution over space. Advection requires currents in the fluid, and so cannot happen in rigid solids. It does not include transport of substances by molecular diffusion.
Advection is sometimes confused with the more encompassing process of convection which is the combination of advective transport and diffusive transport.